Memorial complex «Kosbatyr – Kumay»
The monuments of the Kumai cultural complex, located in close proximity to the capital of Kazakhstan – Astana, contain the cultural heritage of several millennia, which were the residence of the Turkic rulers, compactly localized in one territory, within the state national Park “Buyratau”, at the foot of the mountain of the same name, in the Ereymentau district of Akmola region. Stone balbals-statues carved of granite, are installed on the East side of the ritual fence, they occupy a special place in the space of the valley of the Kumai river. Probably, these statues, each of which had its own name and symbolized the spiritual culture, held ceremonies of worship of the souls of ancestors. The characters of worship at the time, were great men of the tribe, to serve the Fatherland in those days, who cared about the needs of his people, who fought with the enemies. In the right hand of this giant statue is a huge glass, symbolically filled with sacred water for the oath of allegiance to his people. The leader swore that blessed by the God of Heaven Tengri for power, he would take care of the well-being of his native land and preserve it for posterity. In his left-hand a weapon is shown, a sword-akinak, indicating a willingness to defend the Fatherland. With the same military attributes other stone statues-balbals were built, but they are a little behind the leader. In those days, they worshipped the God of land and water. The Turks perceive the world as something infinite, eternal in their art, without the image of God, the most ancient monotheistic concept. As there are admirers of the great ancestors sent from heaven, so mother Umai was the earthly giver of life and its keeper. The owner of the heavenly flock was the representative of the dynasty of Ashina, which was considered as a widespread being. The place where he lived was called holy place. They allow determining the territory of Turkic tribes in the Kazakh land and the spirituality of the Turks in the formation of the state of the autonomous region. This is the only multicomponent cultural complex in the region, represented by monuments of the bronze age, the early iron age and the Turkic period. The historical significance of the monuments of the Kumai cultural complex lies in the potential informative value of all types of monuments, the study of which in mutual communication will contribute to the solution of many urgent tasks and problems.