Relief of the territory is various: the most part is occupied with steppes, small hilliness, flat weak divided and river valleys, the mountains are covered with woods.

Climate of the region is sharply continental. Summer is short, warm; winter is long-lasting, frosty, with strong winds and with, blizzards. The minimum temperature of air makes – 40°С and maximum reaches +44° C. The vegetation is presented by steppe kinds of grass and according to landscapes, especially in northern part of area, pine-birch woods, motley grass vegetation, which covers slopes of mountains. Mountain pine woods is the riches of area.

The region’s fauna differs by considerable riches and variety: 55 kinds of mammals, 180 kinds of birds, 300 kinds of waterfowl, etc. There are State national natural parks as “Kokshetau” and «Burabai», Korgalzhyn National park is of the international value in the area territory.

There are concentrated unique stocks of gold, silver, uranium, molybdenum, technical diamonds, kaolin and muscovite, and also iron ore, coal, dolomite, widespread minerals, mineral waters and a medical dirt in the area territory. Measured value of balance stocks makes not less than 20 billion US dollars, and prognostic resources are – more than on 100 billion US dollars.

Soils are presented by ordinary chernozems and chestnut, differing only by heavy mechanical structure, raised alkalinity and salinization, low water penetration.