The relief of the territory is diverse: most of it is occupied by steppes, small hills, low-divided plain and river valleys, and mountains covered with forests.

The climate of the region is sharply continental. Summer is short, warm, winter is long, frosty, with strong winds and blizzards. The minimum air temperature is over minus 40 ° C, the maximum reaches plus 44 ° C. The vegetation is represented by steppe species of forbs and according to the landscapes, especially in the northern part of the region, pine-birch forests, and different-tyrsovy vegetation, which covers the slopes of the mountains. Mountain pine forests are the wealth of the region.

The fauna of the region is notable for its considerable wealth and diversity: 55 species of mammals, 180 species of birds, 300 species of waterfowl, etc. The region has the Kokshetau and Burabai State National Natural Parks, and the Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve of international importance. Bosom. In the region are concentrated explored unique in its composition and scale reserves of gold, sulfur